How is claustropha treatment effective?
When you enter the enclosed space, you will feel symptoms such as fear, chest tightness, and difficulty breathing. If you have these conditions, you are likely to have claustrophobia.
How to treat claustrophobia?
Treating claustrophobia is similar to treating other anxiety disorders. Some interpretive psychological therapies can be taken, or some anxiolytic drugs can be used.
1, full irrigation method This is currently the best psychological treatment for claustrophobia.
This method is based on a certain psychological counseling, placing the patient suddenly before or in the place of fear, using imagination, or directly bringing the patient into the situation he is most afraid of.
Encourage the patient to imagine the scenes that most fear him; or the psychiatrist repeatedly and even tiresomely present the details of his most fearful situation; or use videos and slide shows to show the scenes that most fear the patient to deepen the patient’s worryDegree, while allowing the patient to take evasive actions such as closing eyes, crying, blocking ears, etc.
Under repeated fear and stimulation, unless the patient experiences autonomic nervous system reactions such as rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, pale, cold limbs, etc. due to fear of nervousness, the terrible ruins that the patient is most worried about do not occur.Correspondingly, the symptoms of fear gradually disappeared.
2. Strengthening physical activity Physical exercise can adjust the pace of life, accelerate blood circulation, and implant fresh vitality into the dull temporary.
Fearers in claustrophobic space are often more and more reluctant to contact with their surroundings in a small space, and consciously systematic sports activities can effectively eliminate this phenomenon.
3. Behavior training Certain behavior training methods such as system desensitization, shock therapy, etc.
Systematic desensitization is currently the safest and most effective behavioral treatment for claustrophobia.
The doctor sets the step fear value, and gradually exposes the patient to the object or place that causes the fear, so that the patient’s senses are gradually stimulated, and the degree of fear of the stimulus is gradually reduced, and eventually the symptoms completely disappear.
This method is widely moderated and easily accepted by patients.
The disadvantage is that the treatment time is long and the effect is slow.
For example, patient fear can be graded.
No worry is 0 points. The most fearful moment when driving a subway train in a tunnel is 100 points.
It is then divided into several levels, each level representing a different level of concern.
First, the doctor takes the patient to start training from the plasma level, such as walking into the subway station, how to overcome fear and worry; then approaching the cab, entering the cab, starting the subway train, subway entering the tunnel, etc., guiding the patient step by stepovercome fear.
For patients with severe conditions, some anti-anxiety drugs can be used together.
4. Necessary drug treatments can still not be completely controlled once through psychological treatment. At present, there are many antidepressants and antidepressants that can well control claustrophobia.